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Fad diets – why they are bad for you

8,December, 2012 Comments off

fad-dietEveryone wants to lose weight quickly. This has led to a number of fad and/or crash diets hitting the market all of which claim to help you lose a lot of weight very fast. Some of the more common ones are The Atkins diet, Zone diet, Cabbage soup diet, Blood group diet, The three day diet, South beach diet, Pritikin Plan, Ornish diet and the Grapefruit diet. Older diets tend to fall out of fashion and get replaced by newer ones. While some of them may help you achieve short term weight loss, they are extremely hard to sustain for long and can be detrimental for your overall health. Weight lost during fad diet regimes usually returns the moment one stops following it. These diets usually consist of elimination one or more necessary food groups. Let us take a look at the some of the more popular ones:

Atkins Diet

One of the most popular fad diets of all time, it was introduced by Dr Atkins. It recommends low carbohydrate and high protein intake. It comprises of four phases –Induction, Ongoing Weight Loss, Pre-Maintenance and Lifetime Maintenance, all with a carefully controlled level of carbohydrate intake. Fat and protein foods like meat, cheese and egg are recommended while carbs like pasta, bread and sugar are restricted in Atkins Diet.

Why it’s bad for you:  Carbohydrates are needed by the body to regulate protein and fat and to maintain adequate functioning of the brain. Lack of carbohydrate put the body in a state of ketosis (accumulation of excessive amounts of ketone bodies in body tissues and fluids due to incomplete metabolism of fat). Much of the weight loss while following this diet comes from fluid loss which puts additional load on the kidney.

Zone Diet

The diet given by Dr Barry Sears recommends an intake of 40% of calories from carbohydrates, 30% from protein, and 30% from fats. According to Dr Sears, this ratio allows the body to achieve a hormonal balance. Food items like chicken breast, egg whites, fish, most sea foods, mushrooms, tofu, vegetables, and fruits are recommended and food items like potatoes, bananas, white bread, pasta and sugar are restricted.

Why it’s bad for you:  Within each group there are certain foods you need to eat and certain items you need to avoid. Elimination of certain foods can lead to poor intake of vitamins and minerals which in the long run harm your metabolism and immune function. Also this diet is very complicated to follow.

Cabbage Soup Diet

This is a seven days diet which allows eating as much cabbage soup as you want along with a few select foods like fresh fruits, brown rice, banana, baked potato, skim milk, beef, tomatoes, which vary depending on the day. This diet promises that you’ll lose 10 pounds weight loss in one week.

Why it’s bad for you:  The major part of the weight loss from such diet comes from muscle mass and water instead of fat loss. Also some dieters have claimed to have headaches and cases of flatulence.

Blood Group Diet

This was designed by Dr Peter D’Adamo, which assigns each blood group a specific diet. According to him, by following a diet designed specifically for your blood type, your body digests and absorbs food more efficiently, with the result that you lose weight.

Why it’s bad for you: Some healthy and nutritious foods are restricted for certain blood groups; this can result in a poor intake of nutrients needed for good health. For example cutting out dairy products recommended for blood group O will lead to poor intake of calcium.

The 3 Day Diet

The 3 Day Diet is one of the most popular fad diets. It is particularly popular among people who try to achieve short-term weight loss. It outlines a strict menu to be followed for three days followed by 4-5 days of normal eating.

Why it’s bad for you: Mostly the weight loss is due to fluid loss. Usually lost weight is gained back when a person resumes normal eating; in fact due to the fact that during those 3 days you eat very less most people tend to gain even more weight when they resume eating normally.

Basically fad diets don’t work because of the following reasons. They

  • Tend to emphasize on very strict diet or eliminations.
  • Emphasize on particular food group and neglects other important nutrients.
  • Not sustainable.
  • Rebound weight gain once normal diet resumes.
  • Following a fad diet can lead to side effects and serious health problems.

With severe restriction of calories or elimination of certain foods, the body may not get the nutrients it needs. Most fad diets restrict carbohydrate intake which is the major source of energy. When your body goes without certain foods for so long, you’ll begin to crave those foods, and end up overeating.

Fad diets cannot replace a well-balanced weight loss plan customized according to individual needs that controls calories, includes exercise and allow a wide variety of healthy foods

Categories: HEALTH TIPS

Fad diets – why they are bad for you

8,December, 2012 Comments off

fad-dietEveryone wants to lose weight quickly. This has led to a number of fad and/or crash diets hitting the market all of which claim to help you lose a lot of weight very fast. Some of the more common ones are The Atkins diet, Zone diet, Cabbage soup diet, Blood group diet, The three day diet, South beach diet, Pritikin Plan, Ornish diet and the Grapefruit diet. Older diets tend to fall out of fashion and get replaced by newer ones. While some of them may help you achieve short term weight loss, they are extremely hard to sustain for long and can be detrimental for your overall health. Weight lost during fad diet regimes usually returns the moment one stops following it. These diets usually consist of elimination one or more necessary food groups. Let us take a look at the some of the more popular ones:

Atkins Diet

One of the most popular fad diets of all time, it was introduced by Dr Atkins. It recommends low carbohydrate and high protein intake. It comprises of four phases –Induction, Ongoing Weight Loss, Pre-Maintenance and Lifetime Maintenance, all with a carefully controlled level of carbohydrate intake. Fat and protein foods like meat, cheese and egg are recommended while carbs like pasta, bread and sugar are restricted in Atkins Diet.

Why it’s bad for you:  Carbohydrates are needed by the body to regulate protein and fat and to maintain adequate functioning of the brain. Lack of carbohydrate put the body in a state of ketosis (accumulation of excessive amounts of ketone bodies in body tissues and fluids due to incomplete metabolism of fat). Much of the weight loss while following this diet comes from fluid loss which puts additional load on the kidney.

Zone Diet

The diet given by Dr Barry Sears recommends an intake of 40% of calories from carbohydrates, 30% from protein, and 30% from fats. According to Dr Sears, this ratio allows the body to achieve a hormonal balance. Food items like chicken breast, egg whites, fish, most sea foods, mushrooms, tofu, vegetables, and fruits are recommended and food items like potatoes, bananas, white bread, pasta and sugar are restricted.

Why it’s bad for you:  Within each group there are certain foods you need to eat and certain items you need to avoid. Elimination of certain foods can lead to poor intake of vitamins and minerals which in the long run harm your metabolism and immune function. Also this diet is very complicated to follow.

Cabbage Soup Diet

This is a seven days diet which allows eating as much cabbage soup as you want along with a few select foods like fresh fruits, brown rice, banana, baked potato, skim milk, beef, tomatoes, which vary depending on the day. This diet promises that you’ll lose 10 pounds weight loss in one week.

Why it’s bad for you:  The major part of the weight loss from such diet comes from muscle mass and water instead of fat loss. Also some dieters have claimed to have headaches and cases of flatulence.

Blood Group Diet

This was designed by Dr Peter D’Adamo, which assigns each blood group a specific diet. According to him, by following a diet designed specifically for your blood type, your body digests and absorbs food more efficiently, with the result that you lose weight.

Why it’s bad for you: Some healthy and nutritious foods are restricted for certain blood groups; this can result in a poor intake of nutrients needed for good health. For example cutting out dairy products recommended for blood group O will lead to poor intake of calcium.

The 3 Day Diet

The 3 Day Diet is one of the most popular fad diets. It is particularly popular among people who try to achieve short-term weight loss. It outlines a strict menu to be followed for three days followed by 4-5 days of normal eating.

Why it’s bad for you: Mostly the weight loss is due to fluid loss. Usually lost weight is gained back when a person resumes normal eating; in fact due to the fact that during those 3 days you eat very less most people tend to gain even more weight when they resume eating normally.

Basically fad diets don’t work because of the following reasons. They

  • Tend to emphasize on very strict diet or eliminations.
  • Emphasize on particular food group and neglects other important nutrients.
  • Not sustainable.
  • Rebound weight gain once normal diet resumes.
  • Following a fad diet can lead to side effects and serious health problems.

With severe restriction of calories or elimination of certain foods, the body may not get the nutrients it needs. Most fad diets restrict carbohydrate intake which is the major source of energy. When your body goes without certain foods for so long, you’ll begin to crave those foods, and end up overeating.

Fad diets cannot replace a well-balanced weight loss plan customized according to individual needs that controls calories, includes exercise and allow a wide variety of healthy foods

Categories: HEALTH TIPS

பேக்கரிகளில் உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலர்கள் சோதனை-தினதந்தி செய்தி

8,December, 2012 1 comment

scan0001

Categories: NEWS

‘Implement new Food Safety And Standards Act from 2014′

8,December, 2012 2 comments

 

A delegation of members from the Tamil Nadu Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Agro Food Chamber of Commerce and Industry, who met Mr Sharad Pawar, Union Minister of Agriculture and Food Processing Industries, in New Delhi on Monday, impressed upon the need to take up with the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, the issue of implementation of the new Food Safety And Standards (FSS) Act and Rules and Regulations throughout the country.

The members sought the implementation of the Act from April 2014, after incorporating necessary changes and creation of adequate awareness about the provisions envisaged in the Act and training of stakeholders .

Memorandum submitted

In a memorandum submitted to the Minister, the members said the Act contained stringent, harsh and impracticable provisions, which would severely impact food processing industries and food business operators in the country. They pointed out that the Act, by insisting on registration and obtaining of license for operations, would only usher in the much dreaded ‘Inspector Raj’ in the country. Further, the Act provides for harsh punishment for even small omissions and its enforcement would only breed corruption, forcing honest traders and producers to close their business. Moreover, competent Food analytical laboratories are not sufficiently in existence to facilitate the implementation of the Act, they added.

They also wanted the Minister to take up with all the State Governments the extension of exemption under value added tax (VAT) for foodgrains under Goods and Services Tax (GST), and to include processed food items also for the benefit of the common man.

Categories: NEWS

‘Gutka’ ban: What will happen to tobacco farmers, street vendors?

8,December, 2012 Comments off

New Delhi: Ten states have banned a popular form of chewing tobacco in a major policy shift that may save millions of lives and strike a blow at the global tobacco industry, already reeling from new anti-smoking laws around the world.

But an estimated 65 million Indians use “gutka” — a heady form of chewing tobacco made of crushed betel nut, nicotine and laced with thousands of chemicals — and furious manufacturers are fighting to have the bans overturned.

Companies such as Delhi-based DS Group are dragging states to courts, complaining that the billion-dollar industry should be regulated as tobacco and not as food and that the bans threaten the livelihoods of millions of farmers and street vendors scattered from Bangalore to New Delhi.

Recently, Punjab became the 10th of 28 states to ban the sale of “gutka” after the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India reclassified it as a foodstuff, prohibiting the use of tobacco and nicotine as “ingredients in any food product.”

Some 482 million people   live in the 10 states which have enforced the bans.  Delhi, Gujarat and Chandigarh, with a combined population of    77 million,  are due to follow suit.

Madhya Pradesh was the first to ban the product, and Kerala, Bihar and seven others hopped on the bandwagon.

Maharashtra, Punjab and Kerala went a step further by banning all smokeless forms of tobacco, including paan masala, usually sold as a mouth freshener. But it remains to be seen how well the bans are enforced.

Categories: NEWS

Government to set up research centre on food

8,December, 2012 Comments off

 New Delhi: The government will set up a body for regulatory research and risk assessment under the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), parliament was informed Friday.

In a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare Abu Hasem Khan Choudhury said that there was a proposal to set up National Food Science and Risk Assessment Centre (NFSRAC) under the FSSAI.

The centre would also oversee surveillance on the lines of international institutions like the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and Centre for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition in US and other countries.

"The implementation of this project would be contingent upon the final approval of the 12th Plan by the National Development Council," said Choudhury."The upgradation of some of the existing food laboratories into regional laboratories and setting up of new laboratories would depend upon the approval of the 12th Plan and allocation of requisite resource," he added.

Categories: NEWS

Maharashtra number 1 state in terms of licensing, registration: Zagade

8,December, 2012 1 comment

Maharashtra is the leading state as far as the process of licensing and registration of food establishments is concerned. According to Mahesh Zagade, commissioner, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Maharashtra, the total number of licences and registrations obtained by food business operators (FBOs) in the state is 2,80,000.
“The total collection by the state FDA from food business operators for licences and registrations amounts to Rs 50 crore, which is more than the rest of the country. In fact, our counterparts in Delhi visited Maharashtra – home to about 10-15 lakh FBOs to learn about the licensing and registration procedure,” he informed FnB News.

Categories: NEWS

தூத்துக்குடியில் விபத்தில் இறந்த ஆட்டு இறைச்சிகள் விற்பனை : அதிகாரிகள் அதிர்ச்சி!!

8,December, 2012 Comments off
Dr_poss
தூத்துக்குடியில் விபத்தில் இறந்த ஆட்டு இறைச்சிகளை உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அதிகாரிகள் கைப்பற்றி பறிமுதல் செய்து அழித்தனர்.
தூத்துக்குடியில் பல இடங்களில் அரசின் முத்திரை இல்லாமல் இறந்த ஆட்டு இறைச்சிகள் விற்கப்படுவதாக தொடர்ந்து அதிகாரிகளுக்கு புகார்கள் வந்தவன்னம் இருந்தது. இதனையடுத்து மாவட்டர் ஆட்சியர் ஆஷிஷ்குமார், மாநகராட்சி ஆணையர் மதுமதி ஆகியோரின் உத்தரவின் பேரில், மாவட்ட உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அதிகாரி டாக்டர் போஸ் தலைமையில் அதிகாரிகள் ஆட்டு இறைச்சிகடைகளில் திடீர் சோதனை நடத்தினர்.
தூத்துக்குடியில் முக்கிய இடங்களில் இன்று காலை 6மணிக்கு அதிரடி சோதனையில் ஈடுபட்டனர். அண்ணாந்கர் பகுதியில் உள்ள இறைச்சிகடையில் சோதனையிட்டனர். அதில், விபத்தில் இறந்த ஆட்டு இறைச்சிகள் ஐஸ் பெட்டியில் வைக்கப்பட்டிருந்தது கண்டு அதிர்ச்சி அடைந்தனர். இதையடுத்து உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அதிகாரிகள் ஆட்டு இறைச்சிகளை கைப்பற்றி பறிமுதல் செய்தனர்.சம்பந்தப்பட்ட கடையின் முன்பு பினாயில் ஊற்றி அழித்தனர். பின்னர்  மாந்கராட்சிக்கு சொந்தமான குப்பை கிடங்கில் கொட்டப்பட்டு அளிக்கப்பட்டது.
இது குறித்து  உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அதிகாரி டாக்டர் சந்திரபோஸ் கூறுகையில், விபத்தில் இறந்த ஆட்டு இறைச்சிகளை சில கடைகளில் விற்க்கப்படுவதாக புகார்கள் வந்தன. பொதுமக்கள் அரசின் முத்திரையுடன் விற்பனை செய்யப்படும் விழிப்புணர்வுடன் ஆடு, மாடு இறைச்சிகளை வாங்க வேண்டும். இதனால் வாந்தி, பேதி போன்ற நோய்கள் ஏற்படாவன்னம் பாதுகாத்து கொள்ளலாம் என்றார் டாக்டர் போஸ்.
Categories: DISTRICT-NEWS, Thoothukudi

உணவு பாதுகாப்பு துறை ரெய்டில் அதிர்ச்சி:ஊறுகாய் பக்கெட்டில் விளையாடிய எலி-தினமலர் செய்தி

8,December, 2012 1 comment

4o

தரமற்ற உணவு பண்டங்களின் விற்பனை குறித்த, உணவு பாதுகாப்பு துறையினரின் ரெய்டு மாவட்டம் முழுவதும் துவங்கியுள்ளது; குன்னூரில், ஒரு ஓட்டலில் நடந்த ரெய்டில், ஊறுகாய் பக்கெட்டில் எலி
"விளையாடியது’ தெரிய வந்ததால், அதிகாரிகள் அதிர்ச்சியடைந்தனர்.
தமிழ்நாடு உணவு பாதுகாப்பு, மருந்து நிர்வாக துறை சார்பில், உணவு பொருட்கள் விற்பனையில் பல விதிமுறைகள் கூறப்பட்டுள்ளன.
இதன்படி, "இறைச்சி கடை உரிமையாளர்கள், கால்நடை மருத்துவரின் சான்றிதழ் பெற்ற பிறகே, கூடத்தில், வதம் செய்யப்பட்ட இறைச்சிகளை விற்க வேண்டும். கெட்டுப்போன, அதிக நாளான இறைச்சிகளை விற்க கூடாது. தரமான மீன்களையே விற்க வேண்டும்; தரமற்ற, அழுகிய, அம்மோனியா கலந்த மீன்களை விற்க கூடாது.
பண்டிகை காலம் மற்றும் கோடை சீசன் வரவுள்ள நிலையில், ஓட்டல், பேக்கரி உரிமையாளர்கள் தங்களின், இருப்பிடத்தை சுத்தம், சுகாதாரமாக வைத்து கொள்ள வேண்டும்; தரமான உணவுகளையே விற்க வேண்டும். ஆய்வின் போது கண்டுபிடிக்கப்பட்டால் கடும் நடவடிக்கை எடுக்கப்படும்,’ என கூறப்பட்டிருந்தது.
அறிவிப்பை தொடர்ந்து, உணவு பாதுகாப்பு மற்றும் மருந்து நிர்வாக துறை நியமன அலுவலர் டாக்டர் ரவி மற்றும் உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலர்கள், குன்னூர், ஊட்டி உட்பட மாவட்டத்தின் பல்வேறு பகுதிகளிலும் நேற்று "ரெய்டு’ பணியை துவக்கினர்.
குன்னூர் லேம்ஸ்ராக், டால்பின்ஸ் நோஸ் பகுதியில் உள்ள டீ தூள் விற்கும் கடைகள் சுத்தமாக வைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளன, என்பது தெரியவந்தது. குன்னூர் சிம்ஸ்பூங்காவில் நடத்தப்பட்ட ரெய்டில், சில கடைகளில் இருந்து 30 கிலோ கலப்பட தேயிலை தூள் பறிமுதல் செய்யப்பட்டது.
குன்னூர் மவுன்ட்ரோடில் உள்ள தனியார் ஓட்டலில் நடத்திய ரெய்டில், ஓட்டலின் கிடங்கு அறையில் இருந்த ஊறுகாய் நிரப்பப்பட்ட பக்கெட்டை திறந்து பார்த்த போது, அதில் ஒரு எலி விளையாடி கொண்டிருந்தது, தெரியவந்தது. ஓட்டல் நிர்வாகத்துக்கு எச்சரிக்கை விடுக்கப்பட்டது. சில ஓட்டல்களில் திறந்த நிலையில், பாதுகாப்பற்ற முறையில் இறைச்சிகள் வைக்கப்பட்டிருப்பது கண்டுபிடிக்கப்பட்டு, அவை அழிக்கப்பட்டன.
நேற்று இரவு, ஊட்டியில் உள்ள இறைச்சி, மீன் கடைகள், தள்ளு வண்டிகளில் அதிகாரிகள் ஆய்வு நடத்தினர். "இனி வரும் நாட்களில் இந்த ரெய்டு பணிகள் தொடர்ந்து நடக்கும். சட்டபடியான கடும் நடவ டிக்கைகள் எடுக்கப்படும்,’ என அலுவலர்கள் தெரிவித்தனர்.