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பணம் செலுத்துவதற்கான செலாணை கருவூலத்தில் முத்திரை மற்றும் கையெழுத்து பெற வேண்டியதில்லை–RTI மூலம் பெறப்பட்ட தகவல்

29,November, 2015 Comments off

No Need of Treasury Sign or Seal for challan (1)No Need of Treasury Sign or Seal for challan (2)

நன்றி – திரு Muthuswamy Elango, MSc., BL.,
Food Safety Officer ,

Categories: DISCUSSIONS

Tamilnadu FoodSafetyOfficer Service Rules Models-Prepared by some interested Food Safety Officer (Models Only)

23,June, 2013 Comments off

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CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD SERVICE RULE MODEL -1

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CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD SERVICE RULE MODEL -2

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CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD SERVICE RULE MODEL -3

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CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD SERVICE RULE MODEL -4

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Pages from TamilNaduFoodSafetyDepartmentServiceRULES_model 1APages from TamilNaduFoodSafetyDepartmentServiceRULES_model 1

Categories: DISCUSSIONS

உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலர்களுக்கான ஊதிய நிர்ணய விண்ணப்பம்

14,September, 2012 Comments off
Categories: DISCUSSIONS

THE GENERAL PROVIDENT FUND -APPLICATION

16,March, 2012 Comments off

CLICK HERE FOR VIEW TAMILNADU GOVT GPF WEBSITE

நகராட்சி மற்றும் மாநகராட்சி பணியிலிருந்து உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலராக பணிமாற்றம் செய்யப்பட்ட உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலர்களுக்கு வரும் மார்ச் மாதம் முதல் அரசு கருவூலத்தில் மாத சம்பளம் வழங்கப்பட உள்ளது. மேற்படி நிலையில் அனைவருக்கும் GPF  பிடித்தம் செய்யப்பட வேண்டி இருப்பதால் நகராட்சி மற்றும் மாநகராட்சி பணியிலிருந்து உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலராக பணிமாற்றம் செய்யப்பட்ட உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலர்கள் புதிய GPF கணக்கு எண் வேண்டி கீழ்கண்ட அலுவலகத்திற்கு விண்ணப்பிக்கலாம்.

Senior Accounts Officer,
Subscriber Grievance Cell,
Office of the Principal Accountant General (A&E), Tamil Nadu
361, Anna Salai, Teynampet,
Chennai – 600 018

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                                                THE GENERAL PROVIDENT FUND
                                                         (TAMIL NADU) RULES

4. (1) All Government Servants, whether permanent, temporary of officiating other than re- employed servants shall jo in the Fund; provided that—
(i) Temporary and officiating Government servants’ shall join the Fund From the month following that in which they completed six months of service.

Explanation .— In the case of persons transferred to temporary or officiating posts under Government from Service under a corporate body owned or controlled by Government or an autonomous organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (Central Act XXI of 1860), the service under the corporat e body or the autonomous organisation, as the case may be shall be treated as service under Government for the purpose of this rule and the person concerned shall be permitted to subscribe to the fund immediately on his joining the Government Service provided that he has already completed one year of service under that corporate body or organisation as the case may be. This will also apply to a person who is appointed without break whether temporarily or permanently to a post carrying the benefits of thos e rules after resignation or retrenchment from service under another Department or any other Government.
However, “in the case of person transferred to a new post under the Government from service under any other Government or from another department of the Government, he shall be permitted to subscribe to the fund immediately on his joining the new post, the amount standing to his credits transferred to his Fund in terms of rule 32 or if he is already subscribing to the fund when in previous post as the c a s e may be”.
(ii) No such servant as has been required or permitted to subscribe in Contributory Provident Fund (Tamil Nadu) shall be eligible to join the Fund while he retains his right to subscribe to such a Fund.
(iii) No Government servant who is employed in a Government Industrial Undertaking ( i.e., a Government Servant to whom the Factories Act,
1948 and the Employees’ Provident Fund Act, 1952, are applicable, excluding those who are governed by statutory service rules and belong to pensionable service) shall be eligible to join the Fund.

(iv) The temporary candidates recruited through the Employment Exchange for common categories like Junior Assistants, Steno-typists, Typists, Personal Assistants, Drive rs and Office Assistants (Temporary posts) attached to the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council and to the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, the Pe rsonal staff (other than Government Servants) of Ministers Parliamentary Secretaries, Chief Government Whip and Government Whip and the temporary candidates recruited through Employment Exchange to the category of Assistant Statist ical Investigator in the department of statistics s hall be exempted from the necessity of subscribing to the General Provident Fund (Tamil Nadu) G.O.Ms.No.421, Fin. (Funds), dated 10th May 1985.

Explanation . —Government Servants of the Civil Supplies Department appointed under rule 10 (a) (i) of the general rules for State and Subordinate Services and governed by the ad hoc rule issued in G.O.Ms.No.449, Food, dated 16th April 1947, as amended subsequently are eligible to joint the Fund from 5th April 1968.

(2) The following persons may join the Fund at their option subject to the conditions laid herein, namely:—

(i) Government servants temporary and officiating (including apprentices and probationers) who have been appointed against regular vacancies and are likely to continue for more than a year may subscribe to the Fund at any time before completion of six months service;

(ii) Re-employed Government servants; and

(iii) The Law Officers in the City of Madras, namely the Advocate-General, the Government Pleader, the Additional Government Pleader, the Public Prosecutor and t he State Prosecutor. The right to be admitted to the Fund, in the case of such an Officer shall subsist from the date of his appointment to the post and not from the date of his exercising the option to join the Fund.

N OTE .—(i) Instructions for the guidance of subscribers and drawing officers are incorporated in Appendix J.

5-A. If an employee under a local body, who is a subscriber to the Provident Fund established and maintained by it is permanently transferred to pensionable service under Government.

(i) the amount of subscriptions, with interest thereon standing to his credit in the Local Body’s Provident Fund shall be transferred his credit in the fund; and
(ii) if such employee retains the Provident Fund benefits in respect of hi s previous contributions by the local body, the amount of contributions by the local body, with interest thereon, standing to his credit in the Local Body’s Provident Fund, shall also be transferred to his credit in the Fund.

5-B. If a subscriber to the Contributory Provident Fund (Tamil Nadu) is brought under these rules on his permanent transfer to pensionable service under the Government.

(i) the amount of subscriptions, with interest thereon, standing to his credit in the Contributory Provident Fund (Tamil Nadu) shall be transferred to his credit in the General Provident Fund (Tamil Nadu);

(ii) the amount of contributions by Government with interest thereon standing to his credit in the Contributory Provident Fund (Tamil Nadu) shall be recredited to the Government; and

(iii) he shall be entitled to count towards pension such part of the period during which he subscribed to the Contributory Provident Fund (Tamil Nadu) as Government may determine.

Categories: DISCUSSIONS, NEW POST

FSO- rubber stamp model

28,February, 2012 Comments off

Categories: DISCUSSIONS, NEW POST

FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS ACT, RULES AND REGULATIONS ACT BOOK

3,September, 2011 3 comments

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Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, Food Safety and Standards Rules, 2011, Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011 with comments & short notes, Gazette Notifications, CaseLaw, Commodity & Word Index. (7th Edition, 2011)

Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, Food Safety and Standards Rules, 2011, Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011 with comments & short notes, Gazette Notifications, CaseLaw, Commodity & Word Index (7th Edition, 2011)” Food Safety & Standards Rules have become effective vide notification no.G.S.R.362(E) dated 5th May, 2011 (w.e.f. 5th August, 2011) and FSS Regulations vide notification dated 1st August, 2011 (w.e.f. 5th August, 2011) are in this book. The FSS Regulations, 2011 are published in 6 parts namely 1. Food Safety and Standards (Licensing and Registration of Food businesses) Regulations, 2011, 2. Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulations, 2011 3. Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011 4. Food Safety and Standards (Prohibition and Restriction on sales) Regulations, 2011 5. Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins and Residues) Regulations, 2011 6. Food Safety and Standards (Laboratory and Sample Analysis) Regulations, 2011 and all these 6 parts are included in this book. This book is with comments and short notes, all Gazette notifications relating to enforcement dates of various sections of Food Safety are included in this book. Latest CaseLaw relating to Food Safety is also incorporated. There is a special feature in this book of the Commodity and Word Index which plays the role of a word finder with page number. The book contains 740 pages with Index and is very reasonably priced at Rs.500/- only.

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Categories: DISCUSSIONS, NEW POST

Foodsafetyofficer scale and promotion suggestion for fssai Central Advisory Committee meeting Agenta -(8.1.2010ம் தேதிய பதிவின் மீள்பதிவு)

31,July, 2011 Comments off

Agenda item No. 3

Taking into account the charter of activities that are to be undertaken by the State/UT Governments and also drawing up the experience of implementation of the PFA Act, the FSSAI has after thorough deliberation and consultation with various stake-holders, has worked out a model administrative structure for the implementation of the FSS Act in the States/UTs.

A note to the same is enclosed. The model structure has tried to cater to build up a scientific cadre in the States that will discharge the function of advising, enforcing, preparing food safety plan, keeping surveillance dealing with cases referred for adjudication or prosecution in courts adequate food testing facility and man power etc, However, the number of officers at each level can be adjusted according to the specific needs of the States.   CAC may consider.

SUGGESTED FOOD SAFETY SET UP IN THE STATES

To ensure achievement of the objectives of food safety, it is advisable to constitute separate department of food safety headed by senior secretary level officer. There will be a Food Safety Commissioner in each State who preferably will not be below the rank of the Joint Secretary of Government of India to plan, structure and implement the food safety initiative in the State. Under Food Safety Commissioner, there will be a cadre of Food Safety Officers/Designated Officers/Adjudicating officers and Food Analysts. The suggested set up of Food Safety Cadre is as under:

Joint Food Safety Commissioner *

(Pay Scale Rs.15600-39100/-, Grade Pay Rs. 7600/-)

(Promotional Post from Deputy Commissioner/ Other officers on deputation)

Deputy Food Safety Commissioner*

(Pay Scale Rs.15600-39100/-, Grade Pay Rs. 6600/-)

(Promotional Post from Designated Officer/ Other officers on deputation)

Designated Officer

(Pay Scale Rs.15600-39100/-, Grade Pay Rs. 5400/-)

(Promotional Post from Senior Food Safety Officer/ Other officers on deputation)

Senior Food Safety Officer *

(Pay Scale Rs.9300-34800/-, Grade Pay Rs. 4800/-)

(Promotional Post from Food Safety Officer)

Food Safety Officer

(Pay Scale 9300-34800/- , Grade Pay Rs. 4200/- ) (as per 6th pay commission)

(Rs. 6500 – Rs 10,500/- as per 5th pay commission)

(By Direct Recruitment)

( Pay scales are indicative and may be decided in accordance with the policies of the states)

Note:-

i) Direct recruitment will be at the level Food Safety Officer though State Public Service Commission.

ii) The officers may be posted anywhere in the State by the State Government depending upon the work load at the District / Zonal/ State level.

iii) Keeping in view the wide responsibilities of Food Safety Officer under the FSS Act, it is considered desirable to have all FSOs from a unified technical cadre of the State/UT. Where food safety functions are performed by Municipal Corporations / Boards and FSOs are required to work under such bodies , even such posts may be

filled up from the FSOs cadre on deputation basis.

iv) At levels above designated officer, it is desirable to have a mix of cadre officers and other officers of appropriate skills to bring in an external perspective, benchmarking vis-a-vis other departments and accountability.

v) State Government may decide:

a) Number of levels and officers indicated in the proposed structure (Annexure- I) taking into consideration the work load in the respective State / Union Territory.

b) Number of designated officers to be appointed and their jurisdiction keeping in view the workload, food clusters and consumption centres. A balance should be maintained between Designated Officers and the number of Food Safety Officers (FSOs) under them to avoid excessive work load on Food Safety Officers.

c) Whether the Food Safety Staff presently working under local bodies are qualified to be brought under the cadre or not. To avoid any dislocation of work, it may be advisable to let the existing staff continue food safety work till alternative arrangements are made. Suitable reallocation of jurisdiction may be made so that the entire state is covered.

vi) The State Government may depute Food Safety Officers and other officers in the hierarchy for training in accordance with the policy framed by FSSAI regularly in reputed institutes in order to upgrade their knowledge in the areas of food safety. Such training will also be a precondition for promotion

vii) Several States have identified qualified personnel from the existing staff to constitute a separate cadre. To develop professionalism, adequate promotion prospects and ensure deliverable improvements in food safety, constitution of a separate department and cadre would be advisable. Since the existing food safety structure in states is part of the Health Department, it may be advisable to set

up an expert group to draw up the structure most appropriate and suitable to the state. The proposed structure will not only accommodate existing incumbents but also provide for adequate channels of promotions and professional development.

Work and duties of different ranks under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006

1. Food Safety Commissioner:- work and duties as described in Section 30 of Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.

2. Joint Food Safety Commissioner* (Administration/ Enforcement/ Training & Development / legal):-

(i) Joint Commissioner will assist the Food Safety Commissioner in the specific field assigned by the Commissioner.

(ii) Will supervise the work of Deputy Commissioners posted at Zonal level.

(iii) May perform the delegated power of Food Safety Commissioner as defined under article 30 (3) of FSS Act, 2006, if agreed by State Government and approved by Central Government.

(iv) Any other work related to food safety management viz. Food surveillance, Food recall/ incident reporting, Food Terrorism and Rapid Alert System as directed by Food Safety Commissioner.

(v) Management of the cadre of officials , establishment, finance and other administrative matters

* Number of levels and officers to be decided by State Government taking into consideration the work load in the respective state / Union Territory and financial implications.

3. Deputy Food Safety Commissioner* (Administration/ Enforcement/ Training & Development / legal):-

(i) Deputy Commissioner will assist the Food Safety Commissioner in the specific field assigned by the Commissioner.

(ii) Will supervise the work of Designated Officers posted at District level.

(iii) May perform the delegated power of Food Safety Commissioner as defined under article 30 (3) of FSS Act, 2006, if agreed by State Government and approved by Central Government.

(iv) Any other work related to food safety management viz. Food surveillance, Food recall/ incident reporting, Food Terrorism and Rapid Alert System as directed by Joint Commissioner.

(v) Management of the cadre of officials , establishment, finance and other administrative matters

* Number of levels and officers to be decided by State Government taking into consideration the work load in the respective state / Union Territory and financial implications.

4. Designated Officer: Work and duties as described in Section 36 of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. When posted in Zonal / Regional offices, Designated Officers will function on staff assignments under the control of Deputy Food Safety Commissioner.

5. Senior Food Safety Officer * (Administration/ Enforcement/ Training & Development / legal):

(i) Senior Food Safety Officer will work under direct supervision of Designated Officer in the related field as decided by the Commissioner.

(ii) May work as Food Safety Officer but may also be entrusted with a bigger jurisdiction.

(iii) May perform the delegated power of Food Safety Commissioner as defined under article 30 (3) of FSS Act, 2006, if agreed by State Government and approved by Central Government.

(iv) Any other work related to food safety management viz. Food surveillance, Food recall/ incident reporting, Food Terrorism and Rapid Alert System as directed by Designated Officer.

(v) Identifying, reporting and coordinating the cases of food poisoning, any such issues related to food safety.

* Number of levels and officers to be decided by State Government taking into consideration the work load in the respective state / Union Territory and financial implications.

6. Food Safety Officer: Work and duties as described in Section 37 of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.

The following functions have been laid down in the draft FSSAI Rules/Regulations for the Food Safety Officer:-

i. To inspect as frequently as may be prescribed by the Designated Officer all establishments licensed for the manufacture, storage or sale of an article of food within the area assigned to him;

ii. To satisfy himself that the conditions of licences are being observed by each of the Food Business Operator carrying on business within the area assigned to him;

iii. To procure and send for analysis if necessary, samples of any articles of food which he has reason to suspect are being manufactured, stocked or sold or exhibited for sale in contravention of the provisions of the Act, or rules framed thereunder;

iv. To investigate any complaint which may be made to him in writing in respect of any contravention of the provisions of the Act, or rules framed thereunder;

v. To maintain a data base of all Food Business Operators within the area assigned to him;

vi. To carry out periodical inspection of each of the Food Business Operator operating within the area assigned to him and to recommend the grading of each such Business Operator on the basis of parameters laid down for the purpose;

vii. To issue improvement notices to the Food Business Operator whenever necessary;

viii. To maintain a record of all inspections made and action taken by him in the performance of his duties, including the taking of samples and seizure of stocks, and to submit copies of such records to the Designated Officer as directed in this behalf;

ix. To make such inquiries and inspections as may be necessary to detect the manufacture, storage or sale of articles of food in contravention of the Act or rules framed thereunder;

x. To stop any vehicle suspected to contain any food intended for sale or delivery for human consumption;

xi. To recommend to the Designated Officer cancellation of licence issued to any Food Business Operator, if the Food Safety Officer has reason to be believe that the Food Business Operator had violated the conditions for grant of licence;

xii. To carry out food safety surveillance to identify and correct safety hazards;

xiii. To respond to incidents of food poisoning in his area and to send report to the Designated Officer to enable him to initiate corrective action plan for non repetition of such incidents;

xiv. When so authorised by the Designated Officer, having jurisdiction in the local area concerned or the Food Safety Commissioner to detain imported packages which he has reasons to suspect contain food, the import or sale of which is prohibited;

xv. To liase with the Food Business Operators within his area of operation and facilitate the introduction of food safety systems by the Food Business Operator.

xvi. To prepare in consultation with the Designated officer and in consultation with each Panchayat and Municipality a brief food safety plan as per parameters specified in Schedule hereto and to liase with the officials of each Panchayat and Municipality for placing the food safety plan before the Council of Members of Panchayat and Municipality for the purpose of approval and implementation of such safety plan and for allocation of responsibilities for monitoring the implementation of the food safety plan.

xvii. To perform such other duties, as may be entrusted to him by the Designated Officer having jurisdiction in the local area concerned.

Note: Besides above mentioned work, Designated Officers, Deputy Commissioners and Joint Commissioners may also be given Staff assignments and posted at Zonal level and State level as decided by State Government depending upon the work load. These officers will work as coordinators between next higher officers and the

officers working at lower level. Any other work related to food safety management viz. Food surveillance, Food recall/ incident reporting, Food Terrorism and Rapid Alert System may be assigned to them. It would be advisable to ensure periodic rotation of officers between field and office assignments. No officer should remain in a jurisdiction for more than 3 years unless he completes another assignment for at least one year in another area or is promoted to a higher level.

The Annual Confidential Report of Food Safety Officer, Designated Officer and other officers should be based on the work assigned to them. The Food Authority will be proposing draft formats in this regard shortly.

Objectives of proposed set up of unified Food Safety Officer’s Cadre at District / Zonal / State level

(i) Satisfactory promotion career will result better performance / output of all officers.

(ii) Quality recruitment, training and development of a specialised technical cadre of food safety officials.

(iii) Better exposure of work at District/ Zonal/ State level for the skill development of officers.

(iv) Equal opportunity for working in Rural / Urban / difficult areas.

(v) Opportunity for contributing in policy making.

(vi) Working in different sections will result in overall development of officers and will result in shift of emphasis of officers from enforcement & penalisation to development & training.

(vii) Transfer from one department to another or to a local body will ensure that no vested interest develops at one place.

(viii) It will provide manoeuvrability to the department to post personnel according to their aptitude and performance.

Proposed Posting of Food Analyst, Chief Food Analyst and Joint Director at District/Zonal/State Level

It is also proposed that Food Analysts (Grade Pay Rs. 5,400/-), Chief Food Analyst (Grade Pay Rs. 6,600/-)

and Joint Director (Grade Pay Rs. 7,600/-) may be posted at District Level, Zonal Level, and State Level Offices in rotation with their posting in the laboratory. These officers will act as co-ordinators between Enforcement Officers and Laboratory. These officers will assist Food Safety Commissioner in identification food laboratories and research institutions for testing and calibration or any other accreditation agency to be notified by the Food Authority for the purpose of carrying out analysis of samples. These officers will also play a role in policy making, formation of schemes related to development of laboratories including infrastructure , well qualified staff, training of existing staff and may be entrusted with any other work related to food safety management viz. Food surveillance, Food recall/ incident reporting, Food Terrorism and Rapid Alert System as directed by Food Safety Commissioner.

The qualifications, training requirements and work plan for these officers will be notified by Food Authority shortly.

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Categories: DISCUSSIONS

MUNICIPAL MANUAL UBDATION

19,June, 2011 Comments off

சுகாதார ஆய்வாளர் நண்பர்களுக்கு

நமது நகராட்சி நிர்வாக ஆணையர் அவர்களின் உத்தரவுபடி

(55904/2010/OP5 DATED 03/05/2011) 07 நகராட்சி மண்டலங்களுக்கு துறைவாரியாக

அரசாணை மற்றும் சுற்றறிக்கைகள் தொகுக்கும் பணி (Updation of Municipal Manual)

வழங்கப்பட்டது, அதன்படி தஞ்சாவூர் மண்டல இயக்குனர் தலைமையில்

1 Thiru M.A Clament Antony Raj, Manager, Thiruturaipoondi Municipality
2 Thiru . Jayakumar, Accountant, Koothanallur Municipality
3 Thiru. Meera Mansoor, Assistant Ariyalur Municipality
4 Thiru. P. Prakash , Assistant , Thanjavur Municipality
5 Thiru. Sundar , Assistant , Kumbakonam Municipality
6 Thiru. K. Manazhagan, Sanitary Inspector, Tiruvarur Municipality

மேற்படி குழு அமைக்கப்பட்டு பொது சுகாதாரம் (PUBLIC HEALTH) தொடர்பான

அரசாணை மற்றும் சுற்றறிக்கைகள் சேகரித்து அதன் INDEX  மட்டும் தங்கள் பார்வைக்கு ..

மேலும் இதில் இடம்பெறாத தங்களிடம் இருக்கும் அரசாணை மற்றும் சுற்றறிக்கைகளை

மேற்படி குழுவில் உள்ள நபர்களுக்கு அனுப்பி வைக்கும்படி அன்புடன் கேட்டுக்கொள்கிறேன்.

அதிகமான எண்ணிக்கையில் அரசாணை மற்றும் சுற்றறிக்கைகளை அனுப்பி வைத்த

நண்பர் கடையநல்லுர் கைலாசசுந்தரம் அவர்களுக்கு நன்றி.

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READY RECKONER ON MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR URBAN LOCAL BODIES

19,June, 2011 Comments off

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READY RECKONER ON IMPLEMENTATION OF
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN URBAN LOCAL BODIES
1 INTRODUCTION:
The Solid Waste Management (SWM) is one of the important obligatory functions of the urban local
bodies in India. It is also one of the primary responsibilities of the municipal authorities. Over the years,
the quantum of waste generated by different category of waste producers (Households, Commercial
centers, Institutions, Industries etc) has been increasing keeping in pace with the increase in urbanization,
population growth and associated activities. The characteristics of the waste generated have also
been varying with the habits of human being.
India’s population as per 2001 census was 1027 million, of which the urban population was
285.35 million or 27.87% of the total population residing in 5161 cities and towns. After independence,
while the population of India has increased three times, the urban population has increased
fi ve times. The urban population has increased from 17.3% of the total population in the year 1951
to 27.8% in 2001. It is expected to increase to about 432.61million or 32.3% by 2021 AD and 534.8
million or 38.2% by 2026 AD.
Tamil Nadu is one among the most urbanized States in India with 43.86% of state population living
in urban areas. The rate of urbanization in Tamil Nadu has doubled from about 22% in 1961 to the
present level in 2001. The State is therefore, facing a challenge of providing essential infrastructure in
urban centers to keep pace with population growth. Solid waste management is one among the major
challenges faced by the state governments in urban areas.
Rapid urbanization has led to over-stressing urban infrastructure services including Municipal
Solid Waste Management because of poor resources and inadequacies of the existing systems.
Therefore, augmentation of the solid waste management facilities and their operation & maintenance
in a sustainable manner by urban local bodies would require huge capital investment, introduction of
latest technologies which are cost effective. Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in waste management Read more…

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