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சிவப்பழகு கிரீம்கள் ஓர் ஒப்பீடு (By Concert)

19,April, 2014 Leave a comment
Categories: NEWS

How does food become contaminated?

19,April, 2014 Leave a comment

Jalandhar, April 18

Finally, waking up from their slumber after a number of complaints and protests regarding the bad state of mid-day meals in the city, health department teams inspected the facility where the meal is prepared.

The health authorities have written to the District Education Officer (Secondary Education) Kuldeeep Sharma as well as the Deputy Commissioner Varun Roojam regarding the bad state of the mid-day meal being prepared.

After taking food samples from the facility yesterday, health teams inspected the kitchen premises where the meals are being prepared and concluded that the state of the meal was very bad.

Ironically, while schools have been screaming foul about bad mid-day meal and the state of the establishment was also found to be bad, the health authorities “officially” continue to be in a state of denial.

Sources in the Health Department said, “We visited the facility following repeated complaints regarding bad mid-day meal, on the instructions of the Civil Surgeon. The place was not hygienic and flies hovered over the food. Although food is prepared under a shed, it is open from all the other sides and insects and flies get in. The state of the preparations was bad. The food was ill-prepared. The rotis were hard and stale and the dal and rice were also not prepared properly. We also visited a number of schools where the mid-day meal was found to be not up to the mark. We have issued a warning.”

However, Civil Surgeon Dr RL Bassan said, “Inspections were carried out and samples were taken. The samples will tell whether the food is proper. The establishment, in general, was found to be fine. The in charge of the school health programme inspected the place. She has issued a note on the issue.”

When asked why a stern warning or punitive action hadn’t been recommended, the CS said, “Let the reports come first.”

Health teams had also visited two of the schools in the Gandhi Camp area yesterday where again, the food was found to be bad.

The Tribune had highlighted the issue of sub-standard mid-day meal being served in various schools in these columns a few days ago. While the Education Department had said raids would be carried out regarding the bad state of meals, a concrete step in this direction hadn’t been taken so far.

Schools from a number of areas scattered across the district complained that they were being served stale, smelly food in their mid-day meals and a number of them had even discarded the food, dumping it outside their premises because it was inedible.

About four to five samples of food items were taken yesterday.

Confident of food quality

Veersain Upadhyay, general manager of the Jalandhar kitchen of the NGO Bagdanga Pashchimgiri Dishalakshmi, said, “The health teams have previously taken samples from our kitchen and they passed. You will see these samples will also come out good. We have been kids too. Our food is perfect. In fact, all schools are happy with it. There are just one or two which create trouble.”

He denied allegations of his kitchen being found in an unhygienic state by the health authorities yesterday.

The NGO, which is already providing food in Bathinda, Patiala and Amritsar started providing mid-day meal in the (urban schools) city on February 3. It feeds 35,000 students across 195 schools in the district. While it started with 90 schools, the rest were added on March 24 and April 1.

Fact file

The place where mid-day meal for urban schools is prepared was found in a bad state

Instructions issued to improve mid-day meal quality

No serious action taken so far

Categories: NEWS

What are residues? How they become part of food?

18,April, 2014 1 comment
 

Residue can be defined as a remainder obtained from a substance after a substantial portion of it is removed. Residues have presence in food products from the deliberate use of drugs or pesticides on animals & plants. That is why we consume residues as well while we eat Veg or non-veg foods and They could affect our body adversely.

The drug residues include the parent compounds and/or their metabolites in any edible portion of the animal or plant product and include associated impurities of the pesticides or drug concerned.

It could be noted here that the chemicals used in agriculture present a real threat to the saleability of animal or plant products if they are contaminated with the chemical residues.

Some of the most common examples of residues are Mercury in fish, sulfonamides in pig products, iodine in milk and chlorinated hydrocarbons in beef.

In harmonization with the international regulations, the Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins and Residues) Regulations, 2011, has laid down some guidelines for the permissible intake of residues in food which is obtained from the plant or animal.

As per the FSSAI, The use of any of the following antibiotics and other Pharmacologically Active Substances shall be prohibited in any unit processing sea foods including shrimps, prawns or any other variety of fish and fishery products:

(i) All Nitrofurans including

(ii) Furaltadone

(iii) Furazolidone

(iv) Furylfuramide

(v) Nifuratel

(vi) Nifuroxime

(vii) Nifurprazine

(viii) Nitrofurnatoin

(ix) Nitrofurazone

(x) Chloramphenicol

(xi) Neomycin

(xii) Nalidixic acid

(xiii) Sulphamethoxazole

(xiv) Aristolochia spp and preparations thereof

(xv) Chloroform

(xvi) Chloropromazine

(xvii) Cholchicine

(xviii) Dapsone

(xix) Dimetridazole

(xx) Metronidazole

(xxi) Ronidazole

(xxii) Ipronidazole

(xxiii) Other nitromidazoles

(xxiv) Clenbuterol

(xxv) Diethylstibestrol (DES)

(xxvi) Sulfanoamide drugs (except approved Sulfadimethoxine, Sulfabromomethazine and Sulfaethoxypyridazine)

(xxvii) Fluoroquinolones

(xxviii) Glycopeptides

Categories: NEWS

FDA team seizes gutkha, paan masala, other material worth Rs 60,000

18,April, 2014 1 comment
 

Nagpur Division of Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) on Tuesday seized Jafrani Jarda, paan masala and machine of manufacturing ‘Kharra’ worth Rs 60,172 from M/S Baba Traders, near Gandhi Gate Mahal.As per the gazette notification FSSA/Gazette/777-2013/7 dated July 18, 2013, Government of Maharashtra has imposed a ban on sale, distribution, storage and transport of food items like gutkha, scented tobacco, scented supari, (betelnut) scented paan masala etc for one year. Nagpur FDA, on a tip of, raided the premises of M/S Baba Traders and seized the items. Food Safety Officer (FSO) A D Raut, R B Dhabarde, FSO Vigilance L P Soyam conducted the raid and registered an offense against Ramesh Arjundas Jasnani, a resident of Adarpur Apartment, Nara Road,Jaripatka, at Kotwali Police Station.

Police Sub Inspector Atram has registered an offense against Jasnani on the complaint of FSO Akhilesh Damodhar Raut under Section 188, 273 and 328 of the IPC, read with sub-section 3(I)(II)(V), 27(2) (IV) under the FSSA act. N R Wakode, Assistant Commissioner (Food) FDA has appealed the citizens to inform FDA about the sale, distribution or storage of gutkha, paan masala and scented supari on FDA’s phone number 2562204 to help administration to implement gutkha ban effectively in the city.

Categories: NEWS

Fish detected in Kerala for contamination using chemicals like ammonia

18,April, 2014 Leave a comment
 

In Kerala, fish were detected for the presence of chemicals such as ammonia and formalin, and were found to be heavily contaminated. In fact, the most vulnerable were those that were brought to the southern state from its neighbouring states and those whose sale was delayed.

Ammonia is used to slow down the melting of ice used to preserve the fish, while formalin is a toxic and carcinogenic chemical commonly used to preserve dead bodies in mortuaries, to prevent body from deteriorating.

The demand for fish increases during the festive season [Kerala ushered in its New Year (Vishu) recently, and Easter falls on April 20 this year]. To meet the demand, large quantities of fish were stocked in different parts of the southern state.

The Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (CIFT), Kochi, tested over 50 samples over the past six months. These were collected from all over the state.

Quality assurance officers confirmed that they contained high levels of the two chemicals, which are unfit for human consumption, as they affect the functioning of the internal organs.

Dr T K Shankar, head of quality assurance, CIFT, Kochi, said, “Food safety officers (FSO) from different parts of the state send samples of fish to check contamination in the institute’s laboratories. The reports are sent to the respective food safety authorities.”

P P Aloysius, surpervisor and in-charge, health department, Cochin Corporation, said, “When the demand increases (especially during the festive season), Kerala imports fish from its neighbouring states.”

Confirming that most fish are contaminated after they are caught, he added, “We undertook raids in markets, and found that contaminated fish were being sold. We seized and destroyed those that were found to be dangerous for human consumption.”

Jayakumar C, a director of Thanal (a non-governmental organisation working in the field of food safety), said, “When fish moves inland from the shore, or its sales are delayed due to transportation, traders use a certain amount of ammonia and formalin as preservatives.”

“They are used primarily to give it a fresher appearance and harden the fish, which is the parameter for its freshness. Formalin can stiffen the muscles of fish. If used in appropriate proportion, ammonia and formalin, which simulate refrigeration, could give it a longer shelf life,” he added.

“The consumption of formalin could cause muscle problems in humans. There have been instances in a number of countries where eating food contaminated with formalin has resulted in severe complications and even death. Ammonia can cause mouth and stomach ulcers,” Jayakumar said.

Categories: NEWS

சலவை சோப்பில் அடங்கியுள்ள பொருட்கள்–சலவை சோப்புகள் ஒரு ஒப்பீடு (ஆய்வு முடிவுகள் By Concert )

18,April, 2014 Leave a comment
Categories: NEWS

50 Weird Facts About Human Beings !

17,April, 2014 Leave a comment

While sitting at your desk make clockwise circles with your right foot. (go ahead no one will see you) While doing this, draw the number “6″ in the air with your right hand.

Your foot will change direction – that is a fact. Pretty interesting, huh?

Keep on reading..

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1. People with higher number of moles tend to live longer than people with lesser number of moles.

3. When filming summer scenes in winter, actors suck on ice cubes just before the camera rolls – it cools their mouths so their breath doesn’t condense in the cold air.

4. Thinking about your muscles can make you stronger.

5. Grapefruit scent will make middle aged women appear six  years younger to men. The perception is not reciprocal and the grapefruit scent on men has no effect on women’s perception.

6. The world’s youngest parents were 8 and 9 and lived in China in 1910.

7. The colder the room you sleep in, the better the chances are that you’ll have a bad dream.

8. There are more people alive today than have ever died.

9. Women’s hair is about half the diameter of men’s hair

10. Women blink twice as many times as men do.

11. The average person who stops smoking requires one hour less sleep a night.

12. Laughing lowers levels of stress hormones and strengthens the immune system. Six-year-olds laugh an average of 300 times a day. Adults only laugh 15 to 100 times a day.

13. Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair.

14. The human heart creates enough pressure while pumping to squirt blood 30 feet!

15. The brain operates on the same amount of power as 10-watt light bulb. The cartoon image of a light bulb over your head when a great thought occurs isn’t too far off the mark. Your brain generates as much energy as a small light bulb even when you’re sleeping.

16. The brain is much more active at night than during the day.

17. The brain itself cannot feel pain. While the brain might be the pain center when you cut your finger or burn yourself, the brain itself does not have pain receptors and cannot feel pain.

18. The fastest growing nail is on the middle finger. And the nail on the middle finger of your dominant hand will grow the fastest of all. Why is not entirely known, but nail growth is related to the length of the finger, with the longest fingers growing nails the fastest and shortest the slowest.

19. The lifespan of a human hair is 3 to 7 years on average.

20. Human hair is virtually indestructible. Aside from it’s flammability, human hair decays at such a slow rate that it is practically non-disintegrative. Hair cannot be destroyed by cold, change of climate, water, or other natural forces and it is resistant to many kinds of acids and corrosive chemicals.

21. The acid in your stomach is strong enough to dissolve razorblades. Hydrochloric acid, the type found in your stomach, is not only good at dissolving the pizza you had for dinner but can also eat through many types of metal.

22. The surface area of a human lung is equal to a tennis court.

23. Sneezes regularly exceed 100 mph.

24. Approximately 75% of human waste is made of water.

25. The average person expels flatulence 14 times each day. Even if you’d like to think you’re too dignified to pass gas, the reality is that almost everyone will at least a few times a day.

26. Earwax production is necessary for good ear health. While many people find earwax to be disgusting, it’s actually a very important part of your ear’s defense system. It protects the delicate inner ear from bacteria, fungus, dirt and even insects. It also cleans and lubricates the ear canal.

27. Babies are always born with blue eyes.  The melanin in a newborn’s eyes often needs time after birth to be fully deposited or to be darkened by exposure to ultraviolet light, later revealing the baby’s true eye color.

28. Every human spent about half an hour as a single cell.

29. After eating too much, your hearing is less sharp.

30. Women are born better smellers than men and remain better smellers over life.

31. Your nose can remember 50,000 different scents.

32. Nails and hair do not continue to grow after we die. They do appear longer when we die, however, as the skin dehydrates and pulls back from the nail beds and scalp.

33. By the age of 60, most people will have lost about half their taste buds. Perhaps you shouldn’t trust your grandma’s cooking as much as you do.

34. Your eyes are always the same size from birth but your nose and ears never stop growing.

35. By 60 years of age, 60-percent of men and 40-percent of women will snore.

36. Monday is the day of the week when the risk of heart attack is greatest.  A ten year study in Scotland found that 20% more people die of heart attacks on Mondays than any other day of the week. Researchers theorize that it’s a combination of too much fun over the weekend with the stress of going back to work that causes the increase.

37. Provided there is water, the average human could survive a month to two months without food depending on their body fat and other factors.

38. Over 90% of diseases are caused or complicated by stress.

39. A human head remains conscious for about 15 to 20 seconds after it is been decapitated. While it might be gross to think about, the blood in the head may be enough to keep someone alive and conscious for a few seconds after the head has been separated from the body, though reports as to the accuracy of this are widely varying.

40. Babies are born with 300 bones, but by adulthood the number is reduced to 206.

41. We are about 1 cm taller in the morning than in the evening.

42. It takes twice as long to lose new muscle if you stop working out than it did to gain it. Lazy people out there shouldn’t use this as motivation to not work out, however. It’s relatively easy to build new muscle tissue and get your muscles in shape, so if anything, this fact should be motivation to get off the couch and get moving.

43. Tears and mucus contain an enzyme (lysozyme) that breaks down the cell wall of many bacteria.

44. It is not possible to tickle yourself. Even the most ticklish among us do not have the ability to tickle ourselves.

45. The width of your arm-span stretched out is the length of your whole body. While not exact down to the last millimeter, your armspan is a pretty good estimator of your height.

46. Humans are the only animals to produce emotional tears.

47. Women burn fat more slowly than men, by a rate of about 50 calories a day. Most men have a much easier time burning fat than women. Women, because of their reproductive role, generally require a higher basic body fat proportion than men, and as a result their bodies don’t get rid of excess fat at the same rate as men.

48. Koalas and primates are the only animals with unique fingerprints. Humans, apes and koalas are unique in the animal kingdom due to the tiny prints on the fingers of their hands.

49. One human hair can support 3.5 ounces. That’s about the weight of two full size candy bars, and with hundreds of thousands of hairs on the human head, makes the tale of Rapunzel much more plausible.

50. Cna yuo raed tihs? I cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht I was rdanieg. The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid, aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it dseno’t mtaetr in waht oerdr the ltteres in a wrod are, the olny iproamtnt tihng is taht the frsit and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it whotuit a pboerlm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Azanmig huh? yaeh and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt! if you can raed tihs forwrad it

+ 51. It cost 7 million dollars to build the Titanic and 200 million to make a film about it.

Categories: NEWS

FSSAI initiates online licencing; Many states yet to start the process

16,April, 2014 Leave a comment

Wednesday, April 16, 2014 08:00 IST
Abhitash Singh, Mumbai

                     After the fourth extension to the licencing and registration deadline, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) asked all the states in the country to initiate online licencing and registration, in order to reduce the inconvenience caused to food business operators (FBO).

Some states like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Goa, Chandigarh and Punjab have already started the online registration and licencing of FBO and succeeded in issuing more licences and registered more FBO within a few months of its commencement than they did manually.

However, states like Odisha, Bihar, West Bengal, Karnataka and Jharkhand, and the Union Territory of Puducherry have not commenced online licencing and registration due to a combination of reasons, including the lack of manpower and inadequate infrastructure.

States on track
Tamil Nadu’s joint commissioner, food, said, “In Tamil Nadu, online registration and licencing of FBO started in June 2013. To date, our food safety officers (FSO) have issued licenses to 15,488 FBO and registered around 57,312 FBO.”

“We are also in the process of providing tablets to FSO, so that they can complete the work as fast as possible. They can expect to receive the tablets by the first week of May, and when they do, they can go to the FBO’s premises and register or issue licences to them, as the case may be on the spot,” he added.

K B Sankhe, joint commissioner, food, Maharashtra, said the western state was the leader in manual licencing and registration, and had also secured the top rank in online licencing and registration.

“We have issued licences to over 40,000 FBO across Maharashtra and registered around 80,000 FBO online. Our FSO are training the FBO about the importance of having licence/being registered. Awareness camps are being organised on a regular basis to educate the FBO about online registration and licencing. The daily monitoring of designated officers’ and FSOs’ targets is undertaken by the enforcement director and commissioner,” he added.

Hemant Rao, food safety commissioner, Uttar Pradesh Food and Drugs Administration (FDA), informed that online licencing and registration commenced in November 2013.

“To date, we have registered and issued licences to one lakh FBO. We are providing the FBO brochures containing information about the procedure to register/obtain licences online. The state food safety department relentlessly undertakes grassroot-level trips to uniformly implement the system across all the 72 districts in the state,” he added.

H G Koshia, food safety commissioner, Food and Drugs Controller Administration (FDCA), Gujarat, said, “Online registration and licencing is complicated for many FBO, but we have been organising awareness and seminar programmes for them on a regular basis to make them understand the process.”

“Therefore, FBO in Gujarat are now registering and obtaining licences online without any difficulty. To date, we have issued licences to about 25,000 FBOs and registered about 60,000 FBO online,” he added.

Anil Kumar, additional commissioner, food, Food and Drug Administration, Kerala, said, “In Kerala, the online licencing and registration process has been very smooth.”

“To date, we have issued licences to over 19,000 FBO and registered 59,600 FBO online,” he added.

Laggards
Ashish Kumar Singh, designated officer, Bihar Food and Drug Administration, said, “Due to the lack of manpower and infrastructure, we have not commenced online licencing and registration of FBO. We expected FSSAI’s support and guidance, but we have not got any support from them.”

L R Nampui, designated officer, Assam Food and Drug Administration, said, “We haven’t started the online licencing and registration process due to inadequate infrastructure facilities. We are in the process of procuring computers and Internet connections, and have appointed 22 FSOs to help in the online process.”

“Of the 27 districts in the state, seven have been identified for the first phase of the online licencing and registration process, which would commence immediately. We are training the newly-appointed FSO. The online registration and licencing process would commence either on April 29, 2014 or in the first week of May,” he added.

Dr Vikas Patnaik, joint commissioner, food, Odisha Food and Drug Administration, said, “Odisha has not started online licencing and registration yet. But we are training the designated officers and FSO to issue licences and register the FBOs. We expect to start the online registration and licencing of FBO by May 20, 2014.”

Karthik A N, licencing officer, Puducherry Food and Drug Administration, informed, “Fifteen days ago, we commenced the clearance of our backlog. The online registration and licencing of FBO hasn’t commenced yet.”

“We have appointed data entry operators to prepare the list of FBO in the state. Once that is done, we would start the online registration and licencing of FBOs. We are completing the backlog under the guidance of the National Informatics Centre (NIC),” he added.

Categories: NEWS

சமயபுரம் பகுதியில் உள்ள கடைகளில் ஆய்வு

16,April, 2014 Leave a comment

டவுன் பஞ்சாயத்து செயல் அலுவலர் மல்லிகா அர்ச்சுணன், வட்டார உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலர் கென்னடி ஆகியோர் தலைமையில் சமயபுரம் பகுதியில் உள்ள கடைகளில் ஆய்வு செய்து காலாவதியான பேன்டா குளிர்பான பாட்டில்கள் 300 லிட்டரும், தடைசெய்யப்பட்ட நிறத்தில் கலந்து செய்யப்பட்ட ஸ்வீட், 250 கிலோவும், குட்கா, பான்மசாலா, புகையிலை பொருட்கள், 200 கிலோவும் பறிமுதல் செய்யப்பட்டன. 40 கிராம் மைக்ரான் அளவுக்கும் குறைவான கேரிபைகள், 25 கிலோ, தண்ணீர் பாக்கெட்டுகளும் பறிமுதல் செய்யப்பட்டன.
டவுன் பஞ்சாயத்து இளநிலை உதவியாளர் சதீஷ்கிருஷ்ணா, உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலர்கள் கேசவமூர்த்தி, விஸ்வநாதன், முத்துகுமாரசாமி மற்றும் அலுவலர்கள் மேற்கண்ட பணிகளை செய்தனர்.

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