தமிழகத்தில் உணவு பாதுகாப்பு இல்லையா… மத்திய அரசின் ஆய்வுமுடிவு சொல்வது என்ன

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment

 

தமிழகத்தில் பரிசோதிக்கப்பட்ட உணவு மாதிரிகளில் 12.7 சதவிகிதம், பாதுகாப்பற்றதாகக் கண்டறியப்பட்டுள்ளது. இது, தமிழகத்துக்கு பெரும் அதிர்ச்சித் தகவலாக அமைந்திருக்கிறது.

கலப்படம்கலப்படம்

ந்தியா முழுவதும் எடுக்கப்பட்ட உணவு மாதிரிகளை ஆய்வுசெய்து, அதன் முடிவுகளை மத்திய அரசு அதிகாரபூர்வமாக தற்போது வெளியிட்டுள்ளது. 2018 – 2019 ஆண்டின் இந்த முடிவுகள், பல விவாதங்களை எழுப்பியிருக்கின்றன. தமிழகத்தில் பரிசோதிக்கப்பட்ட உணவு மாதிரிகளில் 12.7 சதவிகிதம், பாதுகாப்பற்றதாகக் கண்டறியப்பட்டுள்ளது. இது, தமிழகத்துக்கு பெரும் அதிர்ச்சித் தகவல்!

உணவு பாதுகாப்புக் குறைபாடு, கலப்படம் குறித்து ஏற்கெனவே ஜூவி-யில் கட்டுரை வெளியிட்டிருந்தோம். அதைப் படிக்க, Also read-ஐ க்ளிக் செய்யவும்.

கதிகலங்கவைக்கும் கலப்படம்!

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கதிகலங்கவைக்கும் கலப்படம்!

உணவுக் கலப்படம்

உணவுக் கலப்படம்

முந்தைய ஆண்டுகளோடு ஒப்பிடும்போது, இந்த ஆண்டு அதிகமான உணவு மாதிரிகளைப் பரிசோதித்துள்ளதாக முடிவுகள் தெரிவிக்கின்றன. முந்தைய ஆண்டைவிட குற்றவியல் மற்றும் சிவில் நடவடிக்கைகளின் சதவிகிதம் எல்லாமே இந்த ஆண்டு அதிகரித்திருந்தாலும், அதற்கு இணையாகக் கலப்படங்களும் அதிகரித்துக்கொண்டே வருவதைத்தான், ஆய்வு முடிவுகள் தெரிவிக்கின்றன.

பிராண்டு முதல் 'செக்கு' வரை... எண்ணெயில் கலப்பவை என்னென்ன? - 'ஷாக்' ரிப்போர்ட்!

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பிராண்டு முதல் ‘செக்கு’ வரை… எண்ணெயில் கலப்பவை என்னென்ன? – ‘ஷாக்’ ரிப்போர்ட்!

கலப்படம் உறுதிசெய்யப்பட்டால், குற்றத்துக்காக அபராதம் வசூலிக்கப்படும். அந்த வகையில், இந்தியா முழுவதும் இந்த ஆண்டு மட்டும் மொத்தமாக முப்பத்து இரண்டரைக் கோடிக்கும் அதிகமான அபராதத்தொகை வசூலிக்கப்பட்டிருக்கிறது. அபராதத் தொகை விகிதத்தைக் கணக்கிடுகையில், கடந்த ஆண்டைவிட 23 சதவிகிதம் அதிகரித்திருப்பது தெரியவந்துள்ளது.

உணவுக் கலப்படம்

உணவுக் கலப்படம்

இது தொடர்பாக சென்னையைச் சேர்ந்த உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அலுவலர் ஒருவரிடம் பேசினோம். கமிஷனர் தான் இதைப் பற்றி கருத்துச் சொல்ல முடியும் என்றவர், "தலைசிறந்த 7 மாநிலங்கள் வரிசையில் தமிழகத்துக்கு 4-வது இடம். தமிழகத்தில்தான் நிறைய அதிகாரிகள் இருக்காங்க. துறை நடவடிக்கைகளும் அதிகமா இருக்கு. அதனாலயே, நிறைய கலப்படங்களைக் கண்டறிந்தோம். அதன் விளைவாக இப்படி முடிவு வந்திருக்கலாம். மற்றபடி உணவு பாதுகாப்புக் குறைபாட்டில் தமிழகம்தான் முதலிடம் என்பதில்லை" என்றார்.

உணவு பாதுகாப்புத்துறை அலுவலர்கள் சங்கத்தின் தமிழ் மாநிலச் செயலாளர் அன்பழகனிடம் பேசினோம். "எந்த மாநிலம் முதலிடம்னு, ஆய்வு முடிவு அடிப்படையில சொல்லிட முடியாது. மத்திய அரசு, உணவு பாதுகாப்புக்கான ஆணையம் அமைச்சு செயல்படுது. தமிழக அரசு உள்ளிட்ட மாநில அரசுகளும் தங்களோட பங்கை செலுத்தினாத்தான் கலப்படமில்லாத உணவு சாத்தியமாகும்" என்றார்.

ஏ.ட்டீ.அன்பழகன்

ஏ.ட்டீ.அன்பழகன்

அதிகாரிகள் நேர்மையோடும், வியாபாரிகள் உண்மையோடும் இல்லாத பட்சத்தில், மக்கள் விழிப்புணர்வோடு இருந்துகொண்டால் கலப்படத்தைத் தவிர்க்கலாம். ஆரோக்கியமின்மையின் ஆபத்தான எதிர்காலத்தை இந்த முடிவுகள் எடுத்துக்காட்டுகின்றன.

Categories: NEWS

Fssai-Advisories / Orders-November 2019

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment
Categories: Advisory

Fssai- Draft Notification-November 2019

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment

♦ Draft Notification on Food Safety Standards (Safe Food and Healthy Diets for School Children) Regulations, 2019  [Uploaded on : 04-11-2019]

Categories: DRAFT

Fssai- Gazette Notification-November 2019

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment

Gazette Notification on Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Food Addtivies) fourth amendment Regulations, 2019 relating to new standards of decaffeinated ground and roasted coffee, decaffeinated soluble coffee powder and revision of standards of packaged drinking water  [Uploaded on : 05-11-2019]

Categories: Gazette Notification

FSSAI no to display & sale of liquor / alcoholic beverages online sans NoC

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment

 

The FSSAI is tightening its leash on e-commerce FBOs by prohibiting display and sale of liquor or alcoholic beverages online in the absence of permission or no-objection certificate for the same from Excise department of concerned states in the country.
In this regard, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has issued an advisory directing licensing authorities to take a self-declaration from FBOs (Food Business Operators) applying for e-commerce kind of business for category 14, that they would not display and sell liquor or alcoholic food beverages online. Further, if they intend to sell such commodities online, they have to submit permission or no-objection certificate (NoC) from Excise department of concerned state.
According to the apex food regulator, it has laid down standards for alcoholic beverages as a food item through the Food Safety and Standards (Alcoholic Beverages) Regulations, 2018, and is granting licences for alcoholic beverages accordingly.
It adds that the licensing authorities have been in receipt of applications for licences for e-commerce under food category 14, namely beverages, excluding dairy products, and their sub-categories, which also include liquor or alcoholic beverages.
However, it points out that sale of alcohol is dealt with under the State Excise department and refers to a recent judgment by the Karnataka High Court pertaining to the issue.
Giving details, Shobhit Jain, executive director, compliance strategy, FSSAI, tells FnB News: “It may be pointed out that the matter relating to online sale of liquor / alcoholic beverages was brought before the Karnataka High Court in Writ Petition No. 6448/2019 (Excise).”
He adds, “In its judgment in the case, the court held that the petitioner is not entitled to carry on business of online order processing, and delivery of liquor to the consumers in the state of Karnataka in the absence of enabling provisions available under the Karnataka Excise Act, 1965, to grant such licence or permission.”
Jain explains, “Those people who have e-commerce ventures will not be selling alcohol unless they have the state Excise permission, because obviously the alcohol sale is governed by the state Excise department. So it should not happen without permission. They can do it. We just insisted on the copy of that permission.”
According to Jain, it may be noted that the sale of liquor or alcoholic beverages comes under the ambit of state governments and their state Excise departments. In addition, the consumption of alcohol is prohibited in some states, and the legal drinking age in India varies from state to state. The reason why FSSAI had to specify its stand in the advisory.

Categories: NEWS

FSSAI expresses deep concern over irresponsible advertising & marketing

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment

 

Advertising and marketing play a key role in people making food choices, particularly children, FSSAI expresses deep concern about irresponsible advertising and marketing by food companies, according to a press note issued by the apex food regulator recently.
WHO (World Health Organization) in its resolution on marketing of food and non-alcoholic beverages to children has asked the member-states to reduce the impact on children of marketing of foods high in saturated fats, trans-fatty acids, free sugars, or salt. It also recommends that given the effectiveness of marketing is a function of exposure and power, the overall policy objective should be to reduce both the exposure of children to, and power of, marketing of foods high in saturated fats, trans-fatty acids, free sugars, or salt.
Aligned with the WHO advice, FSSAI has recently finalised the ‘Food Safety and Standards (Advertising and Claims) Regulations, 2018.’ Under these regulations, the advertisements should not undermine the importance of healthy lifestyles, and also shall not promote or portray their food & beverages as a meal replacement unless otherwise specifically permitted by FSSAI.
Further, no advertisements or claims for articles of foods shall be made by any food business operator that undermines the products of any other manufacturer for the purpose of promoting their products or influencing consumer behaviour. Violation of these regulations attracts a penalty up to Rs 10 lakh under Section (53) of Food Safety & Standards Act, 2006.
FSSAI is also in the process of finalising regulations to ensure safe and wholesome food for school children. A key proposal in the regulations is that foods that are high in fat, salt and sugar cannot be sold to school children in school canteens / mess premises / hostel kitchens or within 50 meter of the school campus. Unhealthy diets are a key risk factor in childhood obesity that is rising rapidly. Diets that have excess of salt and sugar not only harm the body but also the cognitive capabilities of the children.
Therefore, at the heart of the proposed regulations is a fundamental idea to make it clear what is healthy for children and what is not and promote healthy eating habits amongst the children. These regulations are in draft stage under consultation.
In the above context, FSSAI has noted with concern incidences of irresponsible advertising by some food companies to promote sales of their own foods often considered unhealthy as substitute for healthy foods. A full page advertisement by McDonald’s in newspapers said, “Stuck with Ghiya-Tori Again? Make the 1+1 Combo you love.” The Central licensing authority and FSSAI’s designated officer at New Delhi and Mumbai have taken cognisance of this and issued showcause notices for contravening the provisions of Food Safety and Standards (Advertising and Claims) Regulations, 2018, as to why further action should not be initiated against McDonald`s for this.
Tendency of the food companies to disparage freshly cooked food and vegetables that are healthier is a matter of grave concern. Such advertisements are against national efforts for promoting healthier and right eating habits, especially in the children from a young age, with the aim to ensure safe and wholesome food for them so that the kids feel better, grow better and learn better.
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent a leading threat to human health and socioeconomic development. As per WHO report, NCDs kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally and each year, 15 million people die from a NCD between the ages of 30 and 69 years; over 85% of these "premature" deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. NCDs threaten progress towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes a target of reducing premature deaths from NCDs by one-third by 2030.
The unhealthy diet is a key modifiable risk factor for NCDs and unless addressed, unhealthy diets — in conjunction with other risk factors — increase NCD prevalence in populations through raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose, abnormal blood lipids and overweight/obesity. While deaths from NCDs primarily occur in adulthood, the risks associated with unhealthy diet begin in childhood and build up throughout life.
In recent times, Singapore has banned advertisement for the unhealthy sugary drinks in its latest move to combat rising diabetes rates, the health ministry said on Thursday. Products deemed "less healthy" are now required to display labels grading their nutritional and sugar content, with those considered to be most unhealthy banned from appearing in ads across all media platforms, including broadcast, print and online channels. This aims to reduce the influence of such advertisements on consumer preferences.
Commenting on this development, Pawan Agarwal, CEO, FSSAI, said that the food companies must desist from issuing advertisements/publicity materials which are in violation of Food Safety & Standards Act, 2006, and rules/regulations made thereunder. He added that FSSAI is committed to ensure the availability of safe and wholesome food for all citizens of the country through various means like education, awareness building and regulatory enforcement and to achieve these goals the Eat Right campaign is going on across the country .

Categories: NEWS

86% increase in criminal cases in food safety in 2018-19, states FSSAI

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment

 

There has been 86% increase in criminal cases launched as far as food safety enforcement in the country is concerned, according to latest data for the year 2018-19 released by FSSAI.
The apex food regulator has released data on enforcement efforts by states/Union territories in the country. Data released include samples analysed, non-conforming samples, cases launched, convictions and penalties by states/UTs during the year 2018-19 and also trends over the past three years.  
According to the data released, during the year 2018-19, a total of 1,06,459 samples were analysed. While 3.7% of these samples were found to be unsafe, 15.8% were found to be sub-standard and 9% samples had labelling defects. This is the first year the data has been compiled for unsafe, substandard and labelling defects separately. This would help support food safety authorities to take precise corrective and preventive action. While, there should be zero tolerance to unsafe food, issue of sub-standard and labelling defects require greater efforts on capacity building of food businesses and food standards as well as labelling requirements.   
There has been a 7% increase in the number of samples analysed during 2018-19 as compared to 2017-18. About 25% more samples were found non-conforming compared to the previous year. This shows that there has been better targeting of enforcement efforts by states/UTs in the country.
There has been a 36% increase in civil cases launched and a 67% increase in the number of cases where penalties were imposed. The amount of penalty imposed has increased by 23% during 2018-19 compared to the previous year. A total amount of Rs 32.58 crore has been realised during 2018-19.
As far as criminal cases are concerned, there has been 86% increase in criminal cases launched. Since the conclusion of criminal cases takes time, a total of 5,198 cases were concluded during 2017-18 that included a backlog of previous years. During the year there have been 701 convictions in criminal cases so far.
Ten states/UTs that have performed well include Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Delhi and Chandigarh.
Ten states that have performed poorly include Chattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Assam, Jharkhand, Odisha, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Telangana and Uttarakhand.  
Many of the poorly performing states have not been able to put in place full-time officers for food safety and do not have proper food testing laboratories despite the food safety law coming into force over a decade ago.
Food safety issues extend beyond food adulteration as it is often believed by most people in India. Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group of the World Health Organization has identified 31 foodborne hazards. In its first estimates of the incidence, mortality, and disease burden, this group has found that the global burden of food borne  diseases (FBD) is comparable to those of the major infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis.
The most frequent causes of foodborne illness were diarrhoeal disease agents, particularly norovirus and Campylobacter spp. diarrhoeal disease agents, especially non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica, were also responsible for the majority of deaths due to FBD. Other major causes of FBD deaths were Salmonella Typhi, Taenia solium and hepatitis A virus.
The global burden of FBD caused by the 31 hazards in 2010 was 33 million – Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs); children under five years old borne 40% of this burden, although they represented only 9% of the global population. These facts call for urgent action by all stakeholders to improve food safety throughout the food chain with more coordinated efforts and greater focus.
Expressing satisfaction over improved enforcement, Pawan Agarwal, CEO, FSSAI, said, “More rigorous enforcement by states is essential to build public trust in food. He admitted that public trust has been eroded in recent times due to fake news creating widespread perception of large-scale adulteration in the country.”
He added, “FSSAI is working with states and UTs, particularly with weaker ones in this regard. For this, FSSAI is increasing the capacity of state food laboratories and enabling use of private food labs for testing food samples. Enforcement efforts have to better targeted and preceded by surveillance efforts to identify hotspots and problem areas.”

Categories: NEWS

FSSAI to write to GST Council seeking zero rate on packaged milk products

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment

 

 

The apex food regulatory body in the country has decided to write to the GST Council to seek a review into the rates of packaged milk products to make it zero.
Currently, packaged milk products attract 5% tax rates under the GST regime.
The FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) while analysing the safety parameters of milk and milk products has come across hygiene issues vis-à-vis milk and milk products sold loose.
According to FSSAI, the recent National Milk Safety and Quality Survey report had revealed that only 7% milk samples had contaminants or adulterants that rendered such milk unsafe.
Also, FSSAI has carried out another survey of milk products. In this, the results of 399 samples analysed so far (out of total 1,048) indicate only quality and hygiene concerns in milk products. Major quality concern observed is adulteration with vegetable fats with no concern about presence of heavy metal contaminants. Microbiological concern observed relates to poor hygiene, while no bacterial pathogens have been found. The interim report will soon be published.
In this regard, Pawan Agarwal, CEO, FSSAI, stated that the problem related to hygiene is quite widespread and the presence of coliform in loose milk products was found at many places.
“So we have decided to recommend to GST Council to reduce the tax rates on packaged milk products to zero because there are hygiene, and contamination issues in milk products sold loose, said Agarwal, pointing out, “Also we have come across many products which were sold earlier in packs, now those products are being sold open because of the tax rate.”
He added, “We have to realise how big the problem is. The milk survey conducted by the FSSAI gave us an idea and we can now frame an action plan to regularly monitor the situation.”
Agarwal was briefing the media about the proposed Action Plan for Safe and Quality Milk and Milk Products here.
He informed that to address the unorganised sector which has a major share and to look at raw milk quality, FSSAI would launch a “Verified Milk Vendors Scheme” where milk vendors can voluntarily register through online registration portal and would be provided photo-identity card and properly calibrated lactometer.
Training would be imparted on clean milk practices with periodic sampling and testing of milk. The hot spot areas identified would help stringent enforcement/surveillance activities. Food Safety Mitras will also be given a mandate to facilitate registration of these vendors at a very nominal cost. A dedicated portal will be created to facilitate these actions.
Taking into consideration the results of both the surveys and available testing infrastructure, a 12-point action was made by the FSSAI to ensure safety and quality of milk and milk products in the country. These actions are broadly in three areas, namely – (1) Testing and continued surveillance; (2) Preventive and corrective action for implementation and monitoring; and (3) Consumer engagement.
For testing and continued surveillance and to upgrade testing infrastructure, several rapid testing and high-end precision test equipment have been provided to states/UTs. In addition, FSSAI has notified NABL accredited private and other public food laboratories for primary, regulatory and surveillance testing which can be used by the states/UTs to complement testing by the state laboratories.
As aflatoxin-M1 and antibiotic residues emerged as a major contaminant in milk, various preventive and corrective actions are proposed for the stakeholders in milk sector. There is need for extensive capacity building at primary production levels for following Good Dairy Farming Practices through focussed training programmes in the areas of animal husbandry, animal health and feed and nutrition.
“We also noticed quality issues in milk mostly related to proportion of fat and solids not-fat (SNF) which varies widely by species and depends on breed as well as quality of feed and fodder. This can be improved by proper feeding of cattle and adopting good farm practices,” said Agarwal.
The milk survey had revealed that even processed milk has both quality and safety concerns which is a serious matter. In this regard, FSSAI has developed and released a harmonised Scheme of Testing and Inspection (STI) to be adopted by dairy processing plants for the purpose of monitoring and self-compliance throughout their production chain in order to strengthen their internal controls.
FSSAI also emphasises the dairy plants to undertake fortification of milk with Vitamins A and D which are lost during processing. Since milk is consumed by all population groups, fortification of milk with specified micronutrients is a good strategy to address micronutrient malnutrition.
To build up trust of consumers in safety and quality of milk, consumer awareness and engagement programmes will be organised throughout the country.
In order to implement the action plan effectively, regional workshops would be organised jointly by FSSAI, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (DAHD), NDDB, NDRI and food safety departments of the states/UTs.

Categories: NEWS

FSSAI may bring animal feed under its purview in view of Aflatoxin M1

29,November, 2019 Leave a comment

 

FSSAI is actively considering to bring the subject of ‘animal feed’ under its purview, after the findings of the ‘National Milk Quality Survey,’ which found presence of Aflatoxin M1, a cancer causing toxin in many milk samples.
The FSSAI has made a recommendation to Ministry of Health in this regard to consider amendment into the FSS Act to bring the subject of ‘Animal Feed’ under FSSAI’s ambit.
The Ministry of Health is learnt to have accepted the proposal, which will bring the amendment for the approval of Parliament soon. 
Nearly 6 per cent samples of milk out of 6,432 were tested positive for presence of Aflatoxin M1. The toxin is produced by a fungi which is found in certain animal feed including maize, peanuts and cotton seeds.
The residue of Aflatoxin M1 remains present in milk which is a cause of worry and therefore the apex food regulator wants a control over the animal feed to reduce the chances of aflatoxin passing into milk.
Pawan Agarwal, CEO, FSSAI, stated that in most countries, the food regulator also controls the animal feed.
“Ministry of Animal Husbandry and Dairying has been writing to us to take control of animal feed. We already have proposals for amendment into the FSS Act, and this recommendation is also part of the proposal,” he said.
Agarwal explains that the main source of Aflatoxin M1 is animal feed. If not stored properly, it can develop moulds which when consumed by the animal becomes Aflatoxin M1 after coming in contact with animal’s digestive system.
He added, “There is no way you can remove Aflatoxin M1 from milk once it is there. Not even boiling helps. So it comes in milk and milk products and is very harmful. The only thing you can do is to take care of storage facilities of feed and fodder and take care of the quality of feed given to the animals.”
Simultaneously, he said, “Since the issue is so serious, we already had several rounds of meetings with the stakeholders to enable the system to immediately implement the provisions when the amendment passes through.” 
Currently, animal feed is not regulated and bringing it under FSSAI’s ambit will help in reducing the risk of contamination through animal feed.

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